Download The World of Myth PDF

The World of Myth

Author: David Adams Leeming
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 1992-02-27
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 0199762724
Rating: 4.2/5 (24 downloads)

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Hercules, Zeus, Thor, Gilgamesh--these are the figures that leap to mind when we think of myth. But to David Leeming, myths are more than stories of deities and fantastic beings from non-Christian cultures. Myth is at once the most particular and the most universal feature of civilization, representing common concerns that each society voices in its own idiom. Whether an Egyptian story of creation or the big-bang theory of modern physics, myth is metaphor, mirroring our deepest sense of ourselves in relation to existence itself. Now, in The World of Myth, Leeming provides a sweeping anthology of myths, ranging from ancient Egypt and Greece to the Polynesian islands and modern science. We read stories of great floods from the ancient Babylonians, Hebrews, Chinese, and Mayans; tales of apocalypse from India, the Norse, Christianity, and modern science; myths of the mother goddess from Native American Hopi culture and James Lovelock's Gaia. Leeming has culled myths from Aztec, Greek, African, Australian Aboriginal, Japanese, Moslem, Hittite, Celtic, Chinese, and Persian cultures, offering one of the most wide-ranging collections of what he calls the collective dreams of humanity. More important, he has organized these myths according to a number of themes, comparing and contrasting how various societies have addressed similar concerns, or have told similar stories. In the section on dying gods, for example, both Odin and Jesus sacrifice themselves to renew the world, each dying on a tree. Such traditions, he proposes, may have their roots in societies of the distant past, which would ritually sacrifice their kings to renew the tribe. In The World of Myth, David Leeming takes us on a journey "not through a maze of falsehood but through a marvellous world of metaphor," metaphor for "the story of the relationship between the known and the unknown, both around us and within us." Fantastic, tragic, bizarre, sometimes funny, the myths he presents speak of the most fundamental human experience, a part of what Joseph Campbell called "the wonderful song of the soul's high adventure."

Download Myths, Models, and U.S. Foreign Policy PDF

Myths, Models, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Author: Stephen W. Twing
Publsiher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
Total Pages: 232
Release: 1998
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9781555877668
Rating: 4.5/5 (776 downloads)

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In what ways does national culture influence the direction of US foreign policy? This study analyzes how certain cultural elements influenced the policy preferences and policymaking behaviours of three Cold War-era statesmen - John Foster Dulles, Averell Harriman and Robert McNamara.

Download Environmental Change and the World's Futures PDF

Environmental Change and the World's Futures

Author: Jonathan Paul Marshall
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2015-08-27
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 1317690826
Rating: 4.0/5 (26 downloads)

Download Environmental Change and the World's Futures Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Climate change and ecological instability have the potential to disrupt human societies and their futures. Cultural, social and ethical life in all societies is directed towards a future that can never be observed, and never be directly acted upon, and yet is always interacting with us. Thinking and acting towards the future involves efforts of imagination that are linked to our sense of being in the world and the ecological pressures we experience. The three key ideas of this book – ecologies, ontologies and mythologies – help us understand the ways people in many different societies attempt to predict and shape their futures. Each chapter places a different emphasis on the linked domains of environmental change, embodied experience, myth and fantasy, politics, technology and intellectual reflection, in relation to imagined futures. The diverse geographic scope of the chapters includes rural Nepal, the islands of the Pacific Ocean, Sweden, coastal Scotland, North America, and remote, rural and urban Australia. This book will appeal to researchers and students in anthropology, sociology, environmental studies, cultural studies, psychology and politics.

Download China Myth or History? PDF

China Myth or History?

Author: J.G. Cheock
Publsiher: J.G. Cheock
Total Pages: 237
Release: 2017-10-02
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Viewing ancient China in world context, exploring the possibilities of international activities particularly in relation to the Philippines, during their classical dynasties based on the presence of abundant artifacts, ancient texts, and new archaeological discoveries.

Download Myth PDF


Author: Robert Ellwood
Publsiher: A&C Black
Total Pages: 183
Release: 2008-01-01
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 1847062342
Rating: 4.2/5 (42 downloads)

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An accessible introduction to the complex topic of Myth. Ellwood examines theories, meanings and interpretations, all of which are structured around a typical programme of study.

Download The World Book Encyclopedia PDF

The World Book Encyclopedia

Total Pages:
Release: 1993
Genre: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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An encyclopedia designed especially to meet the needs of elementary, junior high, and senior high school students.

Download Myth and the Making of Modernity PDF

Myth and the Making of Modernity

Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2022-04-19
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 9004458514
Rating: 4.8/5 (14 downloads)

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The contributors to this collection of essays on the literary use of myth in the early twentieth century and its literary and philosophical precedents from romanticism onwards draw on a range of disciplines, from anthropology, comparative literature, and literary criticism, to philosophy and religious studies. The underlying assumption is that modernist myth-making does not retreat from modernity, but projects a mode of being for the future which the past could serve to define. Modernist myth is not an attempted recovery of an archaic form of life so much as a sophisticated self-conscious equivalent. Far from seeking a return to an earlier romantic valorizing of myth, these essays show how the true interest of early twentieth-century myth-making lies in the consciousness, affirmative as well as tragic, of living in a human world which, in so far as it must embody value, can have no ultimate grounding. Although myth may initially appear to be the archaic counterterm to modernity, it is thus also the paradigm on which modernity has repeatedly reconstructed, or come to understand, its own life forms. The very term myth, by combining, in its modern usage, the rival meanings of a grounding narrative and a falsehood, encapsulates a central problem of modernity: how to live, given what we know.

Download Myth and Mentality PDF

Myth and Mentality

Author: Anna-Leena Siikala
Publsiher: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura
Total Pages: 317
Release: 2002-05-15
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9522228494
Rating: 4.8/5 (94 downloads)

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The recent fascination in Finnish folklore studies with popular thought and the values and emotions encoded in oral tradition began with the realisation that the vast collections of the Finnish folklore archives still have much to offer the modern-day researcher. These archive materials were not only collected by scholars, but also by the ordinary rural populace interested in their own traditions, by performers and their audiences. With its myriad voices, this body of source material thus provides new avenues for the researcher seeking to penetrate popular thought. What does oral tradition tell us about the way its performers think and feel? What sorts of beliefs and ideas are transmitted in traditional songs and narratives? Perspectives from the study of mentalities and cultural cognition research provide a framework for investigating these issues. This collection of articles works from the premise that the cultural models which shape mentalities give rise to manifest expressions of culture, including folklore. These models also become embedded in the representations appearing in folklore, and are handed down from one generation to the next. The topics of the book cover age-old myths and world views, concepts of witchcraft and the Devil stretching back to the Middle Ages, and the values and collective emotions of Finnish and Hungarian agrarian communities.

Download The Last Myth PDF

The Last Myth

Author: Matthew Barrett Gross
Publsiher: Prometheus Books
Total Pages: 155
Release: 2012-03-06
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 1616145749
Rating: 4.5/5 (49 downloads)

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During the first dozen years of the twenty-first century, apocalyptic anticipation in America has leapt from the cultish to the mainstream. Today, nearly 60 percent of Americans believe that the events foretold in the book of Revelation will come true. But many secular readers also seem hungry for catastrophe and have propelled books about peak oil, global warming, and the end of civilization into bestsellers. How did we come to live in a culture obsessed by the belief that the end is near? The Last Myth explains why apocalyptic beliefs are surging within the American mainstream today. Demonstrating that our expectation of the end of the world is a surprisingly recent development in human thought, the book reveals the profound influence of apocalyptic thinking on America’s past, present, and future.

Download Myths and Mythologies PDF

Myths and Mythologies

Author: Jeppe Sinding Jensen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2016-06-16
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 1315475758
Rating: 4.5/5 (58 downloads)

Download Myths and Mythologies Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

In all cultures and at all times, humans have told stories about where they came from, who they are and how they should live their lives. 'Myths and Mythologies' brings together the key classic and contemporary writings - philosophical, psychological, sociological, semiological and cognitivist - on myth. To the insider, myths contain truth, revelation and a 'history of ourselves'; to the outsider, a culture s myths can be seen as the product of foolish, infantile and wishful thinking. Myths tell us about specific cultures, about human creativity, and how narrative shapes and reflects understanding. The 'Reader' is an invaluable resource for students and scholars interested in the impact of narrative on human culture and the meaning of truth in religious language.

Download Born in the U.S.A.: The Myth of American Popular Music from Colonial Times to the Present PDF

Born in the U.S.A.: The Myth of American Popular Music from Colonial Times to the Present

Author: Timothy E. Scheurer
Publsiher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
Total Pages: 293
Release: 2012-01-20
Genre: MUSIC
ISBN: 1604738073
Rating: 4.8/5 (73 downloads)

Download Born in the U.S.A.: The Myth of American Popular Music from Colonial Times to the Present Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This is the first study to explore fully the myth of America as reflected in the nation's popular music. Beginning with the songs of the Pilgrims and continuing through more than two centuries of history and music, Born in the U.S.A. shows the emerging American myth and gives a close reading of the compositions of songwriters as diverse as William Billings, Henry Clay Work, Irving Berlin, Woody Guthrie, Bob Dylan, and Bruce Springsteen.So that the full and diverse narrative of this complex nation might be recorded, this insightful study is focused both upon the national myth and upon the songwriters and performers representing subcultures and alternative viewpoints that are the text of America's story. Through hymnlike paeans and through discordant lamentations protesting the realities of the contemporary workaday world, popular music is an astonishing mirror of American history.

Download Martin Buber on Myth (RLE Myth) PDF

Martin Buber on Myth (RLE Myth)

Author: S. Daniel Breslauer
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 209
Release: 2015-03-05
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 1317555988
Rating: 4.5/5 (88 downloads)

Download Martin Buber on Myth (RLE Myth) Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book, first published in 1990, summarizes and evaluates the contribution of Martin Buber as a theorist of myth. Buber provides explicit guidelines for understanding and evaluating myths. He describes reality as twofold: people live either in a world of things, to which they relate as a subject controlling its objects, or in a world of self-conscious others, with whom one relates as fellow subjects. Human beings require both types of reality, but also a means of moving from one to the other. Buber understands myths as one such means by which people pass from I-It reality to I-You meeting. In studying myths, he focuses on the myths in the traditions he knows best, but offers his advice and interpretation of mythology and scholarship about mythology generally.

Download The Bloomsbury Reader in the Study of Myth PDF

The Bloomsbury Reader in the Study of Myth

Author: Jonathan Miles-Watson
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-08-22
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 1350082279
Rating: 4.2/5 (79 downloads)

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What is myth? Why do myths exist? What do myths do? Where are myths going? This reader is organized into 4 parts which explore these questions. Drawing on over 10 years of experience teaching myth in religious studies and anthropology departments in the UK, USA and Continental Europe the editors have brought together key works in the theory of myth. Key features include: - a general introduction to the reader that outlines a comparative and interpretative framework - an introduction contextualizing each part and sub-section - an introduction to each reading by the editors - a companion website that provides discussion questions and further reading suggestions, including primary sources. From functionalism to feminism, nationalism to globalization, and psychoanalysis to spatial analysis, this reader covers the classic and contemporary theories and approaches needed to understand what myth is, why myths exist, what they do, and what the future holds for them.

Download Exploring the Life, Myth, and Art of Native Americans PDF

Exploring the Life, Myth, and Art of Native Americans

Author: Larry J. Zimmerman
Publsiher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Total Pages: 147
Release: 2009-08-15
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN: 1615311955
Rating: 4.1/5 (55 downloads)

Download Exploring the Life, Myth, and Art of Native Americans Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Written by distinguished plains archaeologist Larry J. Zimmerman, this richly illustrated text is an introduction to the life, myth, and art of the indigenous peoples of the United States and Canada. The author ably conveys the profound appreciation the native North Americans had—and continue to have—of life, death, and the cosmos, and the interconnectedness of all things material and spiritual.

Download The Conflict Myth and the Biblical Tradition PDF

The Conflict Myth and the Biblical Tradition

Author: Debra Scoggins Ballentine
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2015-05-01
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 0199370265
Rating: 4.0/5 (65 downloads)

Download The Conflict Myth and the Biblical Tradition Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

There are many ancient West Asian stories that narrate the victory of a warrior deity over an enemy, typically a sea-god or sea dragon, and his rise to divine kingship. In The Conflict Myth and the Biblical Tradition, Debra Scoggins Ballentine analyzes this motif, arguing that it was used within ancient political and socio-religious discourses to bolster particular divine hierarchies, kings, institutions, and groups, as well as to attack others. Situating her study of the conflict topos within contemporary theorizations of myth by Bruce Lincoln, Russell McCutcheon, and Jonathan Z. Smith, Ballentine examines narratives of divine combat and instances of this conflict motif. Her study cuts across traditional disciplinary boundaries as well as constructed time periods, focusing not only on the Hebrew Bible but also incorporating Mesopotamian, early Jewish, early Christian, and rabbinic texts, spanning a period of almost three millennia - from the eighteenth century BCE to the early middle ages CE. The Conflict Myth and the Biblical Tradition advances our understanding of the conflict topos in ancient west Asian and early Jewish and Christian literatures and of how mythological and religious ideas are used both to validate and render normative particular ideologies and socio-political arrangements, and to delegitimize and invalidate others.

Download Dictionary of Nature Myths PDF

Dictionary of Nature Myths

Author: Tamra Andrews
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2000
Genre: Fiction
ISBN: 0195136772
Rating: 4.6/5 (72 downloads)

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Comprehensive and cross-referenced, this informative volume is a rich introduction to the world of nature as experienced by ancient peoples around the globe. 51 halftones.

Download Native American Creation Myths PDF

Native American Creation Myths

Author: Jeremiah Curtin
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2004-09-01
Genre: History
ISBN: 9780486437361
Rating: 4.6/5 (373 downloads)

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Every aboriginal nation has its gods, from whom the people receive all that they have, all that they practice, and all that they know. Traditional American Indian life revolved around communication with divinity, and these stories about the origin of the earth and its creatures embody every facet of Native American culture-customs, institutions, and art. Curtin, a celebrated anthropologist, roved California and Central America in the 1890s in pursuit of these tales. Recounted here as he heard them, they offer both authentic views of an ancient society and captivating examples of storytelling art.