Download The Sidereal Messenger (Illustrated Original Edition) PDF

The Sidereal Messenger (Illustrated Original Edition)

Author: Galileo Galilei
Publsiher: Independently Published
Total Pages: 42
Release: 2020-11-17
Genre:
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Galileo Galilei had seriously considered the priesthood as a young man, at his father's urging he instead enrolled at the University of Pisa for a medical degree.[20] In 1581, when he was studying medicine, he noticed a swinging chandelier, which air currents shifted about to swing in larger and smaller arcs. It seemed, by comparison with his heartbeat, that the chandelier took the same amount of time to swing back and forth, no matter how far it was swinging. When he returned home, he set up two pendulums of equal length and swung one with a large sweep and the other with a small sweep and found that they kept time together. It was not until Christiaan Huygens almost one hundred years later, however, that the tautochrone nature of a swinging pendulum was used to create an accurate timepiece.[21] To this point, he had deliberately been kept away from mathematics (since a physician earned so much more than a mathematician), but upon accidentally attending a lecture on geometry, he talked his reluctant father into letting him study mathematics and natural philosophy instead.[21] He created a thermoscope (forerunner of the thermometer) and in 1586 published a small book on the design of a hydrostatic balance he had invented (which first brought him to the attention of the scholarly world). Galileo also studied disegno, a term encompassing fine art, and in 1588 attained an instructor position in the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno in Florence, teaching perspective and chiaroscuro. Being inspired by the artistic tradition of the city and the works of the Renaissance artists, Galileo acquired an aesthetic mentality. While a young teacher at the Accademia, he began a lifelong friendship with the Florentine painter Cigoli, who included Galileo's lunar observations in one of his paintings. Galileo Galilei's Sidereus Nuncius is arguably the most dramatic scientific book ever published. It announced new and unexpected phenomena in the heavens, "unheard of through the ages. CONTENTSTo the Most Serene Cosmo De' Medici, The Second, Fourth Grand-Duke of TuscanyivThe Astronomical MessengerixIntroduction.1Galileo's account of the invention of his telescope.3Galileo's first observation with his telescope.4Method of determining the magnifying power of the telescope.5Method of measuring small angular distances between heavenly bodies by the size of the aperture of the telescope.6The Moon. Ruggedness of its surface. Existence of lunar mountains and valleys.8The lunar spots are suggested to be possibly seas bordered by ranges of mountains.13Description of a lunar crater, perhaps Tycho.15Reasons for believing that there is a difference of constitution in various parts of the Moon's surface.16Explanation of the eveness of the illuminated part of the circumfrence of the Moon's orb by the analogy of terrestrial phenomena, or a possible lunar atmosphere.18Calculation to show that the height of some lunar mountains exceeds four Italian miles (22,000 British feet).22The faint illumination of the Moon's disc about new-moon explained to be due to earth-light.25Stars. Their appearance in the telescope30

Download Science, Reading, and Renaissance Literature PDF

Science, Reading, and Renaissance Literature

Author: Elizabeth Spiller
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2004-05-27
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 1139451987
Rating: 4.1/5 (87 downloads)

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Science, Reading, and Renaissance Literature brings together key works in early modern science and imaginative literature (from the anatomy of William Harvey and the experimentalism of William Gilbert to the fictions of Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser and Margaret Cavendish). The book documents how what have become our two cultures of belief define themselves through a shared aesthetics that understands knowledge as an act of making. Within this framework, literary texts gain substance and intelligibility by being considered as instances of early modern knowledge production. At the same time, early modern science maintains strong affiliations with poetry because it understands art as a basis for producing knowledge. In identifying these interconnections between literature and science, this book contributes to scholarship in literary history, history of reading and the book, science studies and the history of academic disciplines.

Download Sidereus Nuncius, or The Sidereal Messenger PDF

Sidereus Nuncius, or The Sidereal Messenger

Author: Galileo Galilei
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2016-01-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 022632012X
Rating: 4.0/5 (2 downloads)

Download Sidereus Nuncius, or The Sidereal Messenger Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Galileo Galilei’s Sidereus Nuncius is arguably the most dramatic scientific book ever published. It announced new and unexpected phenomena in the heavens, “unheard of through the ages,” revealed by a mysterious new instrument. Galileo had ingeniously improved the rudimentary “spyglasses” that appeared in Europe in 1608, and in the autumn of 1609 he pointed his new instrument at the sky, revealing astonishing sights: mountains on the moon, fixed stars invisible to the naked eye, individual stars in the Milky Way, and four moons around the planet Jupiter. These discoveries changed the terms of the debate between geocentric and heliocentric cosmology and helped ensure the eventual acceptance of the Copernican planetary system. Albert Van Helden’s beautifully rendered and eminently readable translation is based on the Venice 1610 edition’s original Latin text. An introduction, conclusion, and copious notes place the book in its historical and intellectual context, and a new preface, written by Van Helden, highlights recent discoveries in the field, including the detection of a forged copy of Sidereus Nuncius, and new understandings about the political complexities of Galileo’s work.

Download Sidereus Nuncius, or The Sidereal Messenger PDF

Sidereus Nuncius, or The Sidereal Messenger

Author: Galileo Galilei
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2016-01-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780226320090
Rating: 4.6/5 (2 downloads)

Download Sidereus Nuncius, or The Sidereal Messenger Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Galileo Galilei’s Sidereus Nuncius is arguably the most dramatic scientific book ever published. It announced new and unexpected phenomena in the heavens, “unheard of through the ages,” revealed by a mysterious new instrument. Galileo had ingeniously improved the rudimentary “spyglasses” that appeared in Europe in 1608, and in the autumn of 1609 he pointed his new instrument at the sky, revealing astonishing sights: mountains on the moon, fixed stars invisible to the naked eye, individual stars in the Milky Way, and four moons around the planet Jupiter. These discoveries changed the terms of the debate between geocentric and heliocentric cosmology and helped ensure the eventual acceptance of the Copernican planetary system. Albert Van Helden’s beautifully rendered and eminently readable translation is based on the Venice 1610 edition’s original Latin text. An introduction, conclusion, and copious notes place the book in its historical and intellectual context, and a new preface, written by Van Helden, highlights recent discoveries in the field, including the detection of a forged copy of Sidereus Nuncius, and new understandings about the political complexities of Galileo’s work.

Download Delphi Collected Works of Galileo Galilei (Illustrated) PDF

Delphi Collected Works of Galileo Galilei (Illustrated)

Author: Galileo Galilei
Publsiher: Delphi Classics
Total Pages: 1977
Release: 2017-01-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1786560585
Rating: 4.0/5 (85 downloads)

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Download Galileo PDF

Galileo

Author: David Wootton
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2010-10-26
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
ISBN: 0300170068
Rating: 4.0/5 (68 downloads)

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“Demonstrates an awesome command of the vast Galileo literature . . . [Wootton] excels in boldly speculating about Galileo’s motives” (The New York Times Book Review). Tackling Galileo as astronomer, engineer, and author, David Wootton places him at the center of Renaissance culture. He traces Galileo through his early rebellious years; the beginnings of his scientific career constructing a “new physics”; his move to Florence seeking money, status, and greater freedom to attack intellectual orthodoxies; his trial for heresy and narrow escape from torture; and his house arrest and physical (though not intellectual) decline. Wootton also reveals much that is new—from Galileo’s premature Copernicanism to a previously unrecognized illegitimate daughter—and, controversially, rejects the long-established belief that Galileo was a good Catholic. Absolutely central to Galileo’s significance—and to science more broadly—is the telescope, the potential of which Galileo was the first to grasp. Wootton makes clear that it totally revolutionized and galvanized scientific endeavor to discover new and previously unimagined facts. Drawing extensively on Galileo’s voluminous letters, many of which were self-censored and sly, this is an original, arresting, and highly readable biography of a difficult, remarkable Renaissance genius. Selected as a Choice Outstanding Academic Title in the Astronautics and Astronomy Category “Fascinating reading . . . With this highly adventurous portrayal of Galileo’s inner world, Wootton assures himself a high rank among the most radical recent Galileo interpreters . . . Undoubtedly Wootton makes an important contribution to Galileo scholarship.” —America magazine “Wootton’s biography . . . is engagingly written and offers fresh insights into Galileo’s intellectual development.” —Standpoint magazine

Download The Sidereal Messenger PDF

The Sidereal Messenger

Author:
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 484
Release: 1888
Genre: Astronomy
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Download Astronomy and Astrophysics PDF

Astronomy and Astrophysics

Author:
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 572
Release: 1891
Genre: Astronomy
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Download The Publishers' Trade List Annual PDF

The Publishers' Trade List Annual

Author:
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 2262
Release: 1882
Genre: Publishers' catalogs
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Download Journal of Education and School World PDF

Journal of Education and School World

Author:
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 664
Release: 1889
Genre: Education
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Download The Sidereal Messenger PDF

The Sidereal Messenger

Author: Ormsby MacKnight Mitchel
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 298
Release: 1848
Genre: Astronomy
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Download NASA EP. PDF

NASA EP.

Author: United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 452
Release: 1968
Genre: Astronautics
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Download Aerospace Bibliography PDF

Aerospace Bibliography

Author: National Aerospace Education Council (U.S.)
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 120
Release: 1972
Genre: Aeronautics
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Download Aerospace Bibliography PDF

Aerospace Bibliography

Author:
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 120
Release: 1972
Genre: Astronautics
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Download Science PDF

Science

Author: John Michels (Journalist)
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 432
Release: 1892
Genre: Science
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Vols. for 1911-13 contain the Proceedings of the Helminothological Society of Washington, ISSN 0018-0120, 1st-15th meeting.

Download Baghdad and Isfahan PDF

Baghdad and Isfahan

Author: Elaheh Kheirandish
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2021-04-22
Genre: History
ISBN: 0755635078
Rating: 4.5/5 (78 downloads)

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Renowned as great centres of learning, the cities of Baghdad and Isfahan were at the heart of the Islamic civilization as rich capital cities and centres of intellectual thought. Their distinct cultural voices inspired a unique historical dialogue, which finds new expression in Baghdad and Isfahan, the story of how knowledge was transmitted and transformed within Islamic lands, and then spread across Europe. Capturing the history of Baghdad and Isfahan from 750 to 1750, Elaheh Kheirandish draws on the voices of court astronomers, mathematicians, scientists, mystics, jurists, statesmen and Arabic and Persian translators and scholars to document the extensive and lasting contribution of sciences from Islamic lands to the history of science. Kheirandish bases her narrative on a unique medieval manuscript and other historical sources and the result is more than a thousand-year 'tale of two cities' – it is a city by city, and century by century, look at what it took to change the world. In a feat of travelogue and time travel, this unique book creates parallel stories with modern and historical characters, crossing cities worldwide, and capturing changes through time. Interweaving multiple narratives, histories, and futures, she charts the possible paths – formalized and serendipitous, lost and recovered – by which knowledge itself is translated and transmitted across time and cultures.