Download Theory and Research on the Causes of War PDF

Theory and Research on the Causes of War

Author: Dean G. Pruitt
Publsiher: Englewood Cliffs, N.J : Prentice-Hall
Total Pages: 344
Release: 1969
Genre: International relations
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

Download Theory and Research on the Causes of War Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Som et bidrag til konfliktforskningen har de to redaktører samlet 20 udvalgte artikler vedr. kriser og krige/konflikter og årsagerne dertil. Artiklerne er udvalgt til at belyse bogens syv afsnit. Part One: The Study of War: Theory and Method; Part Two: Motives and Perceptions underlying into War; Part Three: Movement toward War: From Motives and Perceptions to Actions; Part Four: Restraints against Use of Violence: Military Preparations; Part Five: Nonmilitary Restraints and the Peaceful Resolution of Controversy; Part Six: The Incidence of War: Statistical Evidence; Part Seven: Toward an Integrated Theory and Cumulative Research.

Download Analyzing the Causes of War PDF

Analyzing the Causes of War

Author: Assistant Professor of Government Jack S Levy
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2016-06-30
ISBN: 9781138843851
Rating: 4.8/5 (438 downloads)

Download Analyzing the Causes of War Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This volume is a collection of some of the most influential essays by Jack Levy on the causes of interstate war. These studies focus on the role of power in the international system, the domestic sources of security policy and war, and the psychology of decision-making. Among the themes uniting all of these studies is that there are patterns in the processes leading to interstate wars, that these patterns are complex, and that an understanding of war requires rigorous theory and that a key prerequisite of theory is conceptual clarity. The focus is on theoretical essays on war and on decision-making in security policy. These essays involve the critique and reconceptualization of major theories of war. For each theory, the author engages in the conceptual clarification of key variables, the identification of the varied causal paths through which each shapes decisions for war and peace, the analytical limitations of the theory, and the methodological hurdles confronting valid empirical tests of the theory. The volume begins with a substantial introductory chapter. Each subsequent chapter begins with a brief introduction, and ends with an annotated bibliographic note that identifies important subsequent work on the topic, and includes a complete set of references. The chapters are organized by a levels-of-analysis framework. It begins with four chapters focusing on power dynamics at the systemic or dyadic levels, including balance of power theory, power transition theory, theories of preventive war, and offense-defense theory. It then turns to the diversionary theory of war, a leading societal-level theory focusing on domestic incentives for adventurous foreign policies. Next are three studies focusing on individual-level, psychological sources of security policy, including misperception, learning, and risk propensity (in the form of prospect theory). The concluding chapter attempts to survey the current state of the art in the study of the causes of interstate war, and identifies some of the major unanswered questions and suggests a number of fruitful paths for future research. This book will be of much interest to students of the causes of war, quantitative methods, war and conflict studies, international relations and security studies.

Download Causes of War PDF

Causes of War

Author: Stephen Van Evera
Publsiher: Cornell University Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2013-01-15
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 0801467187
Rating: 4.7/5 (87 downloads)

Download Causes of War Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

What causes war? How can military conflicts best be prevented? A prominent political scientist here addresses these questions, offering ideas that will be widely debated. Stephen Van Evera frames five conditions that increase the risk of interstate war: false optimism about the likely outcome of a war, a first-strike advantage, fluctuation in the relative power of states, circumstances that allow nations to parlay one conquest into another, and circumstances that make conquest easy. According to Van Evera, all but one of these conditions—false optimism—rarely occur today, but policymakers often erroneously believe in their existence. He argues that these misperceptions are responsible for many modern wars, and explores both World Wars, the Korean War, and the 1967 Mideast War as test cases. Finally, he assesses the possibility of nuclear war by applying all five hypotheses to its potential onset. Van Evera's book demonstrates that ideas from the Realist paradigm can offer strong explanations for international conflict and valuable prescriptions for its control.

Download The Causes of War PDF

The Causes of War

Author: Alexander Gillespie
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2021-01-14
Genre: Law
ISBN: 1509912185
Rating: 4.2/5 (85 downloads)

Download The Causes of War Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This is the fourth volume of a projected six-volume series charting the causes of war from 3000 BCE to the present day, written by a leading international lawyer, and using as its principal materials the documentary history of international law, largely in the form of treaties and the negotiations which led up to them. These volumes seek to show why millions of people, over thousands of years, slew each other. In departing from the various theories put forward by historians, anthropologists and psychologists, the author offers a different taxonomy of the causes of war, focusing on the broader settings of politics, religion, migrations and empire-building. These four contexts were dominant and often overlapping justifications during the first four thousand years of human civilisation, for which written records exist.

Download The Causes of War PDF

The Causes of War

Author: David Sobek
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2013-04-25
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 0745655467
Rating: 4.5/5 (67 downloads)

Download The Causes of War Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Wars often spring out of nowhere with little warning. One need only look at the recent troubles at the Lebanon-Israeli border for evidence of this claim. At other points in history, such as the run-up to the Second World War, wars seem all but foretold. How does one understand a phenomenon that, at times, seems so random, while at others so predictable? Is there an underlying "cause" of war and, if so, what is it? In this book, David Sobek argues that there is no single explanation for war: factors leading to war in one case may well lead to peace in another. Understanding the onset of war, he contends, requires a movement away from single theories towards one that embraces the multi-faceted causes of war. The characteristics of individual states, the strategic interaction of multiple states, and the broad structure of the international system all affect the risk of war. Throughout the book Sobek draws on a wide range of examples – from the rise of Japan in the 19th century to the emergence of Hamas in the 21st century – to show how both domestic and international politics push states to, or pull them from, the brink of armed conflict. While civil war and terrorism are often viewed as a from of violence distinct from interstate war, Sobek examines them as simply an extreme form of asymmetric warfare. From this perspective terrorism emerges as just another tactic used by actors engaged in armed conflict. The Causes of War will be essential reading for students of security and strategic studies as well as anyone seeking to understand the rise of violent conflict in the contemporary world.

Download The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace PDF

The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace

Author: Azar Gat
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2017-05-05
Genre: History
ISBN: 0192514237
Rating: 4.4/5 (37 downloads)

Download The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Azar Gat sets out to resolve one of the age-old questions of human existence: why people fight and can they stop. Spanning warfare from prehistory to the 21st century, the book shows that, neither an irresistible drive nor a cultural invention, deadly violence and warfare have figured prominently in our behavioural toolkit since the dawn of our species. People have always alternated between cooperation, peaceful competition, and violence to attain evolution-shaped human desires. A marked shift in the balance between these options has occurred since the onset of the industrial age. Rather than modern war becoming more costly (it hasn't), it is peace that has become more rewarding. Scrutinizing existing theories concerning the decline of war - such as the 'democratic peace' and 'capitalist peace' - Gat shows that they in fact partake of a broader Modernization Peace that has been growing since 1815. By now, war has disappeared within the world's most developed areas. Finally, Gat explains why the Modernization Peace has been disrupted in the past, as during the two World Wars, and how challenges to it may still arise. They include claimants to alternative modernity - such as China and Russia - anti-modernists, and failed modernizers that may spawn terrorism, potentially unconventional. While the world has become more peaceful than ever before, there is still much to worry about in terms of security and no place for complacency.

Download Causes of War, 3rd Ed. PDF

Causes of War, 3rd Ed.

Author: Geoffrey Blainey
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 348
Release: 1988-09-07
Genre: History
ISBN: 0029035910
Rating: 4.5/5 (1 downloads)

Download Causes of War, 3rd Ed. Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The peace that passeth understanding -- Paradise is a bazaar -- Dreams and delusions of a coming war -- While waterbirds fight -- Death-watch and scapegoat wars -- War chests and pulse beats -- A calendar of war -- The abacus of power -- War as an accident -- Aims and arms -- A day that lives in infamy -- Vendetta of the Black Sea -- Long wars -- And shorter wars -- The mystery of wide wars -- Australia's Pacific war -- Myths of the nuclear era -- War, peace and neutrality.

Download The Causes of War PDF

The Causes of War

Author: World Conference for International Peace Through Religion. Commission I.
Total Pages: 278
Release: 1932
Genre: Competition, International
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

Download The Causes of War Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Download The Causes and Prevention of War PDF

The Causes and Prevention of War

Author: Seyom Brown
Total Pages: 292
Release: 1987
Genre: Violence
ISBN: 9780312004736
Rating: 4.2/5 (47 downloads)

Download The Causes and Prevention of War Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

In this unique book, Seyom Brown applies the analytical tools of the social and behavioral sciences to the study of international violence. Within this theoretical framework, he considers the phenomenon of war itself; its behavioral, political, institutional, and structural determinants; and the issues involved in the reduction of international conflict. This second edition, which focuses especially on the challenges and opportunities for maintaining peace in the post-Cold War world, incorporates three new chapters. New topics include the forms of collective violence, the culture of war, and the role of diplomacy. The concluding section has also been extensively revised to accommodate an integrated strategy for the prevention and control of war.

Download The Causes of War and the Conditions of Peace PDF

The Causes of War and the Conditions of Peace

Author: Quincy Wright
Total Pages: 0
Release: 1935
Genre: Peace
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

Download The Causes of War and the Conditions of Peace Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Download War and Punishment PDF

War and Punishment

Author: H. E. Goemans
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2000-08-20
Genre: History
ISBN: 9780691049441
Rating: 4.1/5 (494 downloads)

Download War and Punishment Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

What makes wars drag on and why do they end when they do? Here H. E. Goemans brings theoretical rigor and empirical depth to a long-standing question of securities studies. He explores how various government leaders assess the cost of war in terms of domestic politics and their own postwar fates. Goemans first develops the argument that two sides will wage war until both gain sufficient knowledge of the other's strengths and weaknesses so as to agree on the probable outcome of continued war. Yet the incentives that motivate leaders to then terminate war, Goemans maintains, can vary greatly depending on the type of government they represent. The author looks at democracies, dictatorships, and mixed regimes and compares the willingness among leaders to back out of wars or risk the costs of continued warfare. Democracies, according to Goemans, will prefer to withdraw quickly from a war they are not winning in order to appease the populace. Autocracies will do likewise so as not to be overthrown by their internal enemies. Mixed regimes, which are made up of several competing groups and which exclude a substantial proportion of the people from access to power, will likely see little risk in continuing a losing war in the hope of turning the tide. Goemans explores the conditions and the reasoning behind this "gamble for resurrection" as well as other strategies, using rational choice theory, statistical analysis, and detailed case studies of Germany, Britain, France, and Russia during World War I. In so doing, he offers a new perspective of the Great War that integrates domestic politics, international politics, and battlefield developments.

Download The Causes of War and the Possibilities of Peace PDF

The Causes of War and the Possibilities of Peace

Author: Sukeo Kitasawa
Total Pages: 133
Release: 1936
Genre: War
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

Download The Causes of War and the Possibilities of Peace Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Download What Causes War? PDF

What Causes War?

Author: Greg Cashman
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Total Pages: 622
Release: 2013-07-29
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 0742566528
Rating: 4.6/5 (28 downloads)

Download What Causes War? Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Now in a thoroughly revised and updated edition, this classic text presents a comprehensive survey of the many alternative theories that attempt to explain the causes of interstate war. For each theory, Greg Cashman examines the arguments and counterarguments, considers the empirical evidence and counterevidence generated by social-science research, looks at historical applications of the theory, and discusses the theory’s implications for restraining international violence. Among the questions he explores are: Are humans aggressive by nature? Do individual differences among leaders matter? How might poor decision making procedures lead to war? Why do leaders engage in seemingly risky and irrational policies that end in war? Why do states with internal conflicts seem to become entangled in wars with their neighbors? What roles do nationalism and ethnicity play in international conflict? What kinds of countries are most likely to become involved in war? Why have certain pairs of countries been particularly war-prone over the centuries? Can strong states deter war? Can we find any patterns in the way that war breaks out? How do balances of power or changes in balances of power make war more likely? Do social scientists currently have an answer to the question of what causes war? Cashman examines theories of war at the individual, substate, nation-state, dyadic, and international systems level of analysis. Written in a clear and accessible style, this interdisciplinary text will be essential reading for all students of international relations.

Download The War with Mexico, 1846-1848 PDF

The War with Mexico, 1846-1848

Author: Henry Ernest Haferkorn
Total Pages: 140
Release: 1914
Genre: Mexican War, 1846-1848
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

Download The War with Mexico, 1846-1848 Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Download The Causes of War, Including an Outline and Study of the World War and Official Peace Negotiations (Classic Reprint) PDF

The Causes of War, Including an Outline and Study of the World War and Official Peace Negotiations (Classic Reprint)

Author: Robert Earl Swindler
Publsiher: Forgotten Books
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2018-01-24
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9780484698726
Rating: 4.4/5 (987 downloads)

Download The Causes of War, Including an Outline and Study of the World War and Official Peace Negotiations (Classic Reprint) Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Excerpt from The Causes of War, Including an Outline and Study of the World War and Official Peace Negotiations There was also recognized the need, well nigh universal up to the very present, of a brief suggestive course in book form, for the study of the Great War, - its background, progress and issues, and the peace outlook, which would be suitable for the busy student and the busy citizen, who are simply bewildered in the great mass of unorganized material that confronts them, - and that this should be adapted to the schoolroom as well as the home. Hence the second and third parts of this work. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.