Download Minoan Kingship and the Solar Goddess PDF

Minoan Kingship and the Solar Goddess

Author: Nanno Marinatos
Publsiher: University of Illinois Press
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2010
Genre: History
ISBN: 0252033922
Rating: 4.3/5 (22 downloads)

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An illustrated guide to Minoan images and symbols

Download A Companion to Greek Mythology PDF

A Companion to Greek Mythology

Author: Ken Dowden
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2014-01-28
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 1118785169
Rating: 4.5/5 (69 downloads)

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A Companion to Greek Mythology presents a series of essays that explore the phenomenon of Greek myth from its origins in shared Indo-European story patterns and the Greeks’ contacts with their Eastern Mediterranean neighbours through its development as a shared language and thought-system for the Greco-Roman world. Features essays from a prestigious international team of literary experts Includes coverage of Greek myth’s intersection with history, philosophy and religion Introduces readers to topics in mythology that are often inaccessible to non-specialists Addresses the Hellenistic and Roman periods as well as Archaic and Classical Greece

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Matriarchy in Bronze Age Crete

Author: Joan M. Cichon
Publsiher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2022-06-30
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 1803270454
Rating: 4.0/5 (54 downloads)

Download Matriarchy in Bronze Age Crete Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book makes a compelling case for a matriarchal Bronze Age Crete. It is acknowledged that the preeminent deity was a Female Divine, and that women played a major role in Cretan society, but there is a lively, ongoing debate regarding the centrality of women in Bronze Age Crete. a gap in the scholarly literature which this book seeks to fill.

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Minoan Crete

Author: L. Vance Watrous
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2021-03-18
Genre: History
ISBN: 1108424503
Rating: 4.4/5 (3 downloads)

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A new look at the Cult of the Saints in late antiquity: Did it really dominate Christianity in late antique Rome?

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From the Ancient Near East to Christian Byzantium

Author: Mario Baghos
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2021-03-11
Genre: History
ISBN: 1527567370
Rating: 4.7/5 (7 downloads)

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This book combines concepts from the history of religions with Byzantine studies in its assessments of kings, symbols, and cities in a diachronic and cross-cultural analysis. The work attests, firstly, that the symbolic art and architecture of ancient cities—commissioned by their monarchs expressing their relationship with their gods—show us that religiosity was inherent to such enterprises. It also demonstrates that what transpired from the first cities in history to Byzantine Christendom is the gradual replacement of the pagan ruler cult—which was inherent to city-building in antiquity—with the ruler becoming subordinate to Christ; exemplified by representations of the latter as the ‘Master of All’ (Pantokrator). Beginning in Mesopotamia, the book continues with an analysis of city-building by rulers in Egypt, Greece, and Rome, before addressing Judaism (specifically, the city of Jerusalem) and Christianity as shifting the emphasis away from pagan-gods and rulers to monotheistic perceptions of God as elevated above worldly kings. It concludes with an assessment of Christian Rome and Constantinople as typifying the evolution from the ancient and classical world to Christendom.

Download Die Aphrodite der Seefahrer und ihre Heiligtümer am Mittelmeer PDF

Die Aphrodite der Seefahrer und ihre Heiligtümer am Mittelmeer

Author: Martin Eckert
Publsiher: LIT Verlag Münster
Total Pages: 589
Release: 2016
Genre: Architecture, Ancient
ISBN: 3643135106
Rating: 4.5/5 (6 downloads)

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Die häufig in Hafennähe errichteten Heiligtümer der seereisenden Liebesgöttinnen spielten in der späten Bronzezeit und frühen Eisenzeit eine herausragende Rolle als interkulturelle Kontaktzonen im Kontext des internationalen Seehandels. In diesem Buch werden die literarischen Quellen und archäologischen Befunde zu mehr als 172 Kultplätzen systematisch erfasst und miteinander verglichen. Ein reich mit Abbildungen versehenes Kapitel erschließt den mythologisch-religiösen Kontext sowie die Ikonographie der seereisenden Gottheiten.0.

Download The Minoan Epiphany - A Bronze Age Visionary Culture PDF

The Minoan Epiphany - A Bronze Age Visionary Culture

Author: Bruce Rimell
Publsiher: Xibalba Books
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2021-01-02
Genre: Social Science
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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The art and iconography of the Minoan civilisation of Bronze Age Crete is rightly described as having a refreshing vitality with a fortunate combination of stylisation and spontaneity in which the artist is able to transform conventional imagery into a personal expression. The dynamism, torsion and naturalism evident in Minoan art stands in stark contrast to the hieratic rigidity of other ancient civilisations, and nowhere is this more apparent than in the iconography of the Minoan Epiphany, a set of mainly glyptic (rings, seals, and seal impression) images which appear to depict religious celebrants experiencing direct and seemingly ecstatic encounters with deities. This collection of essays explores this central aspect of Minoan religion, taking a strongly archaeological focus to allow the artefacts to speak for themselves, and moving from traditional ‘representational’ interpretations into ‘embodied’ perspectives in which the ecstatic capabilities of the human body throw new light on Aegean Bronze Age ritual practices. Such ideas challenge rather passive assumptions modern Western observers hold about the nature of religious feelings and experiences, in particular the depictions of altered states of consciousness in ancient art, and the visionary potential of dance gestures. Speculative asides on the potential for a Minoan origin for Classical Greek humanism, and hints in the imagery on ancient Cretan conceptions of the cosmos, are set against sound archaeological theories to explain this lively and dynamic corpus of images. Beautifully illustrated with images and sketches of the relevant artefacts, this wide-ranging volume will stimulate audiences with archaeological, prehistorical and spiritual interests, as well as historians of religion and art. ‘The Minoan Epiphany’ also represents an influential antecendent to the Visionary Humanist philosophy which forms the majority of Bruce’s current independent research interests.

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Sir Arthur Evans and Minoan Crete

Author: Nanno Marinatos
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2014-12-22
Genre: History
ISBN: 0857725165
Rating: 4.5/5 (65 downloads)

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Before Sir Arthur Evans, the principal object of Greek prehistoric archaeology was the reconstruction of history in relation to myth. European travellers to Greece viewed its picturesque ruins as the gateway to mythical times, while Heinrich Schliemann, at the end of the nineteenth century, allegedly uncovered at Troy and Mycenae the legendary cities of the Homeric epics. It was Evans who, in his controversial excavations at Knossos, steered Aegean archaeology away from Homer towards the broader Mediterranean world. Yet in so doing he is thought to have done his own inventing, recreating the Cretan Labyrinth via the Bronze Age myth of the Minotaur. Nanno Marinatos challenges the entrenched idea that Evans was nothing more than a flamboyant researcher who turned speculation into history. She argues that Evans was an excellent archaeologist, one who used scientific observation and classification. Evans's combination of anthropology, comparative religion and analysis of cultic artefacts enabled him to develop a bold new method which Sir James Frazer called 'mental anthropology'. It was this approach that led him to propose remarkable ideas about Minoan religion, theories that are now being vindicated as startling new evidence comes to light. Examining the frescoes from Akrotiri, on Santorini, that are gradually being restored, the author suggests that Evans's hypothesis of one unified goddess of nature is the best explanation of what they signify. Evans was in 1901 ahead of his time in viewing comparable Minoan scenes as a blend of ritual action and mythic imagination. Nanno Marinatos is a leading authority on Minoan religion. In this latest book she combines history, archaeology and myth to bold and original effect, offering a wholly new appraisal of Evans and the significance of his work. Sir Arthur Evans and Minoan Crete will be essential reading for all students of Minoan civilization, as well as an irresistible companion for travellers to Crete.

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Cultural Identity in Minoan Crete

Author: Ellen Adams
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages:
Release: 2017-09-07
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 1108190766
Rating: 4.0/5 (66 downloads)

Download Cultural Identity in Minoan Crete Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Neopalatial Crete - the 'Golden Age' of the Minoan Civilization - possessed palaces, exquisite artefacts, and iconography with pre-eminent females. While lacking in fortifications, ritual symbolism cloaked the island, an elaborate bureaucracy logged transactions, and massive storage areas enabled the redistribution of goods. We cannot read the Linear A script, but the libation formulae suggest an island-wide koine. Within this cultural identity, there is considerable variation in how the Minoan elites organized themselves and others on an intra-site and regional basis. This book explores and celebrates this rich, diverse and dynamic culture through analyses of important sites, as well as Minoan administration, writing, economy and ritual. Key themes include the role of Knossos in wider Minoan culture and politics, the variable modes of centralization and power relations detectable across the island, and the role of ritual and cult in defining and articulating elite control.

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Minoan, Rise and Fall

Author: A.J. Carmichael
Publsiher: LEARN ALCHEMICAL PRESS
Total Pages: 190
Release:
Genre: History
ISBN:
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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In the Bronze Age Crete was ruled by the Minoans. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Minoan Crete was transformed from myth to archeological reality. The Minoans and their language are still subject to considerable controversy, even over such fundamental details as their identity. Almost everything we know is derived from physical remains, fleshed out somewhat by writings from Classical Greece almost one thousand years after Knossos was destroyed since no written historical records exist from that time. However, the theories about the Minoans can be unified into some consensus, as we shall see below. Fresh discoveries will change this viewpoint radically in the future. The Minoan Civilization flourished in the Middle Bronze Age on the island of Crete in the eastern Mediterranean from c. 2700 BC to c. 1450 BC (following the Palaeolithic and Neolithic periods). The Minoans were a trading civilization that traded throughout the Eastern Mediterranean, as far north as Britain and as far east as Mesopotamia. The Minoans imported a wide variety of raw materials and manufactured goods from other civilizations, and then they exported their own products, including olive oil, wine, pottery, furniture, perfumes, and jewellery. According to archaeological evidence, the two palaces on the island of Crete at Knossos and Phaistos are considered the largest surviving palaces from antiquity; both were built around 1900 BCE.

Download Current Approaches and New Perspectives in Aegean Iconography PDF

Current Approaches and New Perspectives in Aegean Iconography

Author: Fritz Blakolmer
Publsiher: Presses universitaires de Louvain
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2020-06-25
Genre: History
ISBN: 2875589687
Rating: 4.9/5 (87 downloads)

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The aim of this volume is to present an overview of current trends and individual methodological attempts towards arriving at an adequate understanding of Minoan, Cycladic, and Mycenaean iconography.

Download Athyrmata: Critical Essays on the Archaeology of the Eastern Mediterranean in Honour of E. Susan Sherratt PDF

Athyrmata: Critical Essays on the Archaeology of the Eastern Mediterranean in Honour of E. Susan Sherratt

Author: Yannis Galanakis
Publsiher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2014-10-18
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 1784910198
Rating: 4.0/5 (98 downloads)

Download Athyrmata: Critical Essays on the Archaeology of the Eastern Mediterranean in Honour of E. Susan Sherratt Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This volume brings together twenty-six papers to mark Susan Sherratt's 65th birthday - a collection that seeks to reflect both her broad range of interests and her ever-questioning approach to uncovering the realities of life in Europe and the Mediterranean in later prehistory.

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A Greek State in Formation

Author: Jack L. Davis
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2022-05-03
Genre: History
ISBN: 0520387252
Rating: 4.7/5 (52 downloads)

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A free open access ebook is available upon publication. Learn more at www.luminosoa.org. Although the Mycenaean civilization of the Greek Bronze Age was identified 150 years ago, its origins remain obscure. Jack L. Davis, codirector of excavations at the Palace of Nestor at Pylos, takes readers on a tour of the beginnings of Mycenaean civilization through a case study of this important site. In collaboration with codirector Sharon R. Stocker, Davis demonstrates that this ancient place was a major node for the exchange of ideas between the already established Minoan civilization, centered on the island of Crete, and the residents of the Greek mainland. Davis and Stocker show how adoption of Minoan culture created an ideology of power focused on a single individual, celebrating his military prowess, investing him with divine authority, and creating a figure instantly recognizable to readers of Homer and students of Greek history. A Greek State in Formation makes the powerful case that a knowledge of the Greek Bronze Age is indispensable to the classics curriculum.

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Sacred Sites and Sacred Stories Across Cultures

Author: David W. Kim
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2021-01-18
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 303056522X
Rating: 4.5/5 (2 downloads)

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This book offers global perspectives from Mediterranean, Asian, Australian, and American cultures on sacred sites and their related stories in regional history. Contemporary society witnesses many travelers visiting sacred sites (temples, mountains, castles, churches, houses) throughout the world. These visits often involve discovery of new historical facts through the origin stories of the associated tribe, region, or nation. The transmission of oral tradition and myth carries on the significant meaning of those religious sites. This volume unveils multi-angle perspectives of symbolic and mystical places. The contributors describe the religio-political experiences of each regional case, and analyze the religiosity of local people as a lens through which readers can re-examine the concept of iconography, syncretism, and materialism. In addition, contributors interpret the growth of new religions as the alternative perspectives of anti-traditional religions. This new approach offers significant insight into comprehending the practical agony and sorrow of regional people in the context of contemporary history.

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Harmony and Symmetry. Celestial regularities shaping human culture.

Author: Gudrun Wolfschmidt
Publsiher: tredition
Total Pages: 682
Release: 2020-12-29
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 3347146344
Rating: 4.6/5 (44 downloads)

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For the SEAC conference in Graz (2018) and for the Proceedings the motto "Harmony and symmetry - celestial regularities shaping human culture" was chosen. There were at least two strong reasons for this motto: First, the connection between astronomy and human culture has an extremely long tradition, and one of its absolute high points is the astronomer Johannes Kepler, who spent his entire life searching for the relationship between the movement of heavenly lights and ideas about harmonious structures and regular bodies. Kepler started his scientific career and authored his first book, the Mysterium cosmographicum, in Graz. Kepler argued in his first publication for the twelve-fold partition of the zodiac with arguments derived from the monochord, anticipating the procedure he developed in his Harmonices mundi. Five contributions deal with Kepler, including the harmony in musical theory. The second reason was the Eggenberg Castle. This palace, built for the nobleman Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg (1568-1634), is a remarkable piece of symmetry and harmony and an outstanding example of a strong connection between astronomy and culture. Seven contributions have the topic astronomy, astrology and architecture with the emphasis on astronomical orientation, symmetry and harmony in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The Proceedings with ten chapters and 44 contributions range besides the mentioned "Middle Ages and beyond" and Johannes Kepler from Prehistoric Times, Bronze and Iron Age, Mythology and Ethnoastronomy, Babylonian Astronomy, Greek and Roman Astronomy, Meso- and South America, Middle East and Eastern Asia and Computational Astronomy. The celestial sphere, regarded as the sky of astronomy, as well as the heaven of divine numina, from Antiquity to Copernicus and Kepler was equated with symmetry, harmony, and beauty. Until today, this has been reflected in the structure of cultural creations, from architectural objects to musical forms.

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THRAVSMA

Author: Kate Harrell
Publsiher: Presses universitaires de Louvain
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2017-08-17
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 2875585401
Rating: 4.5/5 (1 downloads)

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How does intentionally inflicting damage to material objects mediate the human experience in the prehistoric eastern Mediterranean? For all of the diversity in cultural practice in the civilisations of the Greek mainland and Aegean islands, Crete, Cyprus and the eastern coast of Italy between 4000-750 BC, archaeologists consider the custom of ritually killing objects as a normative, if inconsistent practice. Yet as artefacts that are alike only in that they have been disarticulated, intentionally destroyed objects defy easy characterization. Such pieces frequently stand outside of clearly defined patterns. This volume is an initial step in addressing a gap in the scholarship by aiming to deconstruct and contextualize the practice of intentional fragmentation. The case studies in this volume present a diverse range of evidence, including pottery, lithics, metals, jewellery, figurines, buildings and human remains, in an exploration of the wide spectrum of meanings behind material destruction.

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Pharaoh's Land and Beyond

Author: Pearce Paul Creasman
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2017
Genre: History
ISBN: 0190229071
Rating: 4.9/5 (71 downloads)

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The concept of pharaonic Egypt as a unified, homogeneous, and isolated cultural entity is misleading. Ancient Egypt was a rich tapestry of social, religious, technological, and economic interconnections among numerous cultures from disparate lands. This volume uniquely examines Egypt's relationship with its wider world through fifteen chapters arranged in five thematic groups. The first three chapters detail the geographical contexts of interconnections through examination of ancient Egyptian exploration, maritime routes, and overland passages. The next three chapters address the human principals of association: peoples, with the attendant difficulties differentiating ethnic identities from the record; diplomatic actors, with their complex balances and presentations of power; and the military, with its evolving role in pharaonic expansion. Natural events, too, played significant roles in the pharaonic world: geological disasters, the effects of droughts and floods on the Nile, and illness and epidemics all delivered profound impacts, as is seen in the third section.0Physical manifestations of interconnections between pharaonic Egypt and its neighbors in the form of objects are the focus of the fourth set: trade, art and architecture, and a specific case study of scarabs. The final section discusses in depth perhaps the most powerful means of interconnection: ideas. Whether through diffusion and borrowing of knowledge and technology, through the flow of words by script and literature, or through exchanges in the religious sphere, the pharaonic Egypt that we know today was constantly changing-and changing the cultures around it.0Exhibition.