Download Going Underground: The Science And History Of Falling Through The Earth PDF

Going Underground: The Science And History Of Falling Through The Earth

Author: Beech Martin
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2019-03-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9813279052
Rating: 4.9/5 (52 downloads)

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This book follows the historical trail by which humanity has determined the shape and internal structure of the Earth. It is a story that bears on aspects of the history of science, the history of philosophy and the history of mathematics. At the heart of the narrative is the important philosophical practice of performing thought experiments — that is, the art of considering an idealized experiment in the mind. This powerful technique has been used by all the great historical practitioners of science and mathematics, and this book looks specifically at the long history of considering what would happen if an object could be dropped into a tunnel that cuts all the way through the Earth's interior. Indeed, the story begins with a historical whodunit, tracing back through the historical literature the origins of what is now a classic, textbook problem in simple harmonic motion.

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Going Underground

Author: Martin Beech
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2019
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9789811201288
Rating: 4.1/5 (12 downloads)

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Inhaltsverzeichnis: A long distraction -- Wishing well -- Cymro's problem -- The heat of ages -- Terricola's questions -- Flamsteed's well -- Airy underground -- A mind's eye view -- Tik-Tok's tumble -- Eratosthenes's well -- Aristotle's stop and the Merton calculators -- Galileo's constant cannonball -- Hooke's bullet and Newton's cannon -- Newton's canal -- Halley's hollow Earth -- Dr. Akakea's Diatribe and Euler's miracle -- Collignon's slant -- Fastest descent -- The kola pinprick and the iron blob -- A black hole falling -- The elephant in the room -- First and last thoughts.

Download From Thales To Gravitational Waves: The Scientific Perspective PDF

From Thales To Gravitational Waves: The Scientific Perspective

Author: Louis Marchildon
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2021-01-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9811231192
Rating: 4.1/5 (92 downloads)

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Science has its roots in human curiosity. It is the process of exploration and research that has led to a better understanding of our surroundings: Copernicus set the Earth in its right place in our models of the Universe, Charles Darwin elucidated the mechanism of the evolution of living species, and Albert Einstein brought out the intimate connection between energy, space, and time.This book provides a reliable guide to acquaint oneself with the scientific process. It explains in easy terms how scientific investigation has historically developed to reach our present understanding of the world around us. It also discusses the place of science in modern society in relation to culture and to the technological advances that it brings.

Download Terraforming Mars PDF

Terraforming Mars

Author: Martin Beech
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2021-11-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1119761867
Rating: 4.1/5 (67 downloads)

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TERRAFORMING MARS This book provides a thorough scientific review of how Mars might eventually be colonized, industrialized, and transformed into a world better suited to human habitation. The idea of terraforming Mars has, in recent times, become a topic of intense scientific interest and great public debate. Stimulated in part by the contemporary imperative to begin geoengineering Earth, as a means to combat global climate change, the terraforming of Mars will work to make its presently hostile environment more suitable to life—especially human life. Geoengineering and terraforming, at their core, have the same goal—that is to enhance (or revive) the ability of a specific environment to support human life, society, and industry. The chapters in this text, written by experts in their respective fields, are accordingly in resonance with the important, and ongoing discussions concerning the human stewardship of global climate systems. In this sense, the text is both timely and relevant and will cover issues relating to topics that will only grow in their relevance in future decades. The notion of terraforming Mars is not a new one, as such, and it has long played as the background narrative in many science fiction novels. This book, however, deals exclusively with what is physically possible, and what might conceivably be put into actual practice within the next several human generations. Audience Researchers in planetary science, astronomy, astrobiology, space engineering, architecture, ethics, as well as members of the space industry.

Download Cabinet Of Curiosities, A: The Myth, Magic And Measure Of Meteorites PDF

Cabinet Of Curiosities, A: The Myth, Magic And Measure Of Meteorites

Author: Martin Beech
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 572
Release: 2021-03-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9811224935
Rating: 4.4/5 (35 downloads)

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Hurtling through the atmosphere, in a blaze of light and reverberating percussions, the arrival of a meteorite on Earth is a magical, rare, and precious sight. These characteristics have accordingly ensured a long, yet often controversial history. For all this, meteorites are cosmic messengers. They tell us about the entire history of the solar system, their story carrying us from the very earliest moments, when solid material first began to form in the solar nebula. Indeed, meteorites played a key role in the origins of Earth's oceans and the genesis of life. Meteorites additionally tell us about the origin and evolution of the asteroids, and they tell us about impacts upon the Moon as well as the volcanic history of planet Mars. Much is known about the structure and chemistry of meteorites, but for all this, they still harbor many scientific mysteries that have yet to be resolved.

Download Mankind Beyond Earth PDF

Mankind Beyond Earth

Author: Claude A. Piantadosi
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2013-01-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0231531036
Rating: 4.1/5 (36 downloads)

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Seeking to reenergize Americans' passion for the space program, the value of further exploration of the Moon, and the importance of human beings on the final frontier, Claude A. Piantadosi presents a rich history of American space exploration and its major achievements. He emphasizes the importance of reclaiming national command of our manned program and continuing our unmanned space missions, and he stresses the many adventures that still await us in the unfolding universe. Acknowledging space exploration's practical and financial obstacles, Piantadosi challenges us to revitalize American leadership in space exploration in order to reap its scientific bounty. Piantadosi explains why space exploration, a captivating story of ambition, invention, and discovery, is also increasingly difficult and why space experts always seem to disagree. He argues that the future of the space program requires merging the practicalities of exploration with the constraints of human biology. Space science deals with the unknown, and the margin (and budget) for error is small. Lethal near-vacuum conditions, deadly cosmic radiation, microgravity, vast distances, and highly scattered resources remain immense physical problems. To forge ahead, America needs to develop affordable space transportation and flexible exploration strategies based in sound science. Piantadosi closes with suggestions for accomplishing these goals, combining his healthy skepticism as a scientist with an unshakable belief in space's untapped—and wholly worthwhile—potential.

Download Indian Journal of History of Science PDF

Indian Journal of History of Science

Total Pages: 704
Release: 2004
Genre: Science
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Download Nordic Utopias and Dystopias PDF

Nordic Utopias and Dystopias

Author: Pia Maria Ahlbäck
Publsiher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2022-11-24
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 9027257299
Rating: 4.7/5 (99 downloads)

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The Nordic countries have long been subject to certain idealised, even utopian imaginaries, particularly with regard to images of pristine nature and the societal ideals of democracy, equality and education. On the other hand, such projections inevitably invite dissent, irony and intimations of the utopia’s dark underside. Things may yet take, or may have already taken, a dystopic course. The present volume offers twelve contributions on utopias and dystopias in Nordic literature and culture. Geographically, the articles cover the Nordic countries of Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden, as well as the autonomous area of Greenland. Through the articles’ varied subjects — ranging from avant-garde literature and long poems to noir TV-series, young adult fiction, popular historiography, and political discourse in literature outside of Norden — the volume brings forth a historically rich, multi-layered picture of social, cultural and environmental imagination in the Nordic countries. Nordic Utopias and Dystopias is thus of interest not only to specialists in dystopian and utopian research but more broadly to scholars of literature and culture, and the political and social sciences, especially but not exclusively in the Nordic context.

Download Alternate Worlds PDF

Alternate Worlds

Author: James Gunn
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2018-08-03
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 1476633320
Rating: 4.3/5 (2 downloads)

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Alternate Worlds was first published in 1975 and became an instant classic, winning a Hugo award. This third edition brings the history of science fiction up to date, covering developments over the past forty years--a period that has seen the advent of technologies only imagined in the genre's Golden Age. As a literature of change, science fiction has become ever more meaningful, presaging dangers to humanity and, as Alvin Toffler wrote, guarding against "the premature arrival of the future." The world has begun to recognize science fiction in many different ways, incorporating its elements in products, visual media and huge conventions.

Download The Oryx Guide to Natural History PDF

The Oryx Guide to Natural History

Author: Patricia L. Barnes-Svarney
Publsiher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Total Pages: 265
Release: 1999
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 1573561592
Rating: 4.1/5 (92 downloads)

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Ideal for librarians, instructors, and students, this superior, one-stop reference guide makes finding answers to natural history questions or doing research a breeze. More than just an answer book on natural history, this unique guide provides understanding into the history of science itself. Readers get rare insight into the beginnings of a scientific event, how it evolved, and who were some of the key scientists along the way. Recent scientific controversies also are included. Covering the history of earth and its living creatures, this special reference contains 30 chapters on topics in geology, oceanography, climatology, meteorology, biology, paleontology, and anthropology.

Download In Other Worlds PDF

In Other Worlds

Author: Margaret Atwood
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2011-10-20
Genre: Literary Collections
ISBN: 0748126384
Rating: 4.6/5 (84 downloads)

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From the author of The Handmaid's Tale and Alias Grace * Rabbit superheroes. A theory of masks and capes. Victorian otherlands. From her 1940s childhood to her time at Harvard, Margaret Atwood has always been fascinated with SF. In 2010, she delivered a lecture series at Emory University called 'In Other Worlds: SF and the Human Imagination.' This book is the result of those lectures. It includes essays on Ursula Le Guin and H G Wells, her interesting distinction between 'science fiction proper' and 'speculative fiction', and the letter which she wrote to the school which tried to ban The Handmaid's Tale. * 'Spooky . . . wild' - Telegraph 'Elegant and witty' - Guardian 'Eminently readable and accessible . . . The lectures are insightful and cogently argued with a neat comic turn of phrase . . . Her enthusiasm and level of intellectual engagement are second to none' - Financial Times

Download History of Cave Science PDF

History of Cave Science

Author: Trevor R. Shaw
Publsiher: National Speleological Society
Total Pages: 338
Release: 1992
Genre: Caves
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Download Ubiquity PDF


Author: Mark Buchanan
Publsiher: Crown
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2002-04-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0609504320
Rating: 4.4/5 (2 downloads)

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Critically acclaimed science journalist, Mark Buchanan tells the fascinating story of the discovery that there is a natural structure of instability woven into the fabric of our world, which explains why catastrophes-- both natural and human-- happen. Scientists have recently discovered a new law of nature and its footprints are virtually everywhere-- in the spread of forest fires, mass extinctions, traffic jams, earthquakes, stock-market fluctuations, the rise and fall of nations, and even trends in fashion, music and art. Wherever we look, the world is modelled on a simple template: like a steep pile of sand, it is poised on the brink of instability, with avalanches-- in events, ideas or whatever-- following a universal pattern of change. This remarkable discovery heralds what Mark Buchanan calls the new science of 'ubiquity', a science whose secret lies in the stuff of the everyday world. Combining literary flair with scientific rigour, this enthralling book documents the coming revolution by telling the story of the researchers' exploration of the law, their ingenious work and unexpected insights. Buchanan reveals that we are witnessing the emergence of an extraordinarily powerful new field of science that will help us comprehend the bewildering and unruly rhythms that dominate our lives and may even lead to a true science of the dynamics of human culture and history.

Download Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists PDF

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Total Pages: 72
Release: 1998-11
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Download The Stuff of Science Fiction PDF

The Stuff of Science Fiction

Author: Gary Westfahl
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2022-09-23
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 1476686599
Rating: 4.6/5 (99 downloads)

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While students and general readers typically cannot relate to esoteric definitions of science fiction, they readily understand the genre as a literature that characteristically deals with subjects such as new inventions, space, robot and aliens. This book looks at science fiction in precisely this manner, with twenty-one chapters that each deal with a subject that is repeatedly addressed in science fiction of recent centuries. Based on a packet of original essays that the author assembled for his classes, the book could serve as a supplemental textbook in science fiction classes, but also contains material of interest to science fiction scholars and others devoted to the genre. In some cases, chapters offer thorough surveys of numerous works involving certain subjects, such as imagined vehicles, journeys beneath the Earth and undersea adventures, discovering intriguing patterns in the ways that various writers developed their ideas. When comprehensive coverage of ubiquitous topics such as robots, aliens and the planet Mars is impossible, chapters focus on major themes referencing selected texts. A conclusion discusses other science fiction subjects that were omitted for various reasons, and a bibliography lists additional resources for the study of science fiction in general and the topics of each chapter.

Download Science-fiction, the Early Years PDF

Science-fiction, the Early Years

Author: Everett Franklin Bleiler
Publsiher: Kent State University Press
Total Pages: 1032
Release: 1990
Genre: Science fiction
ISBN: 9780873384162
Rating: 4.3/5 (841 downloads)

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In this volume the author describes more than 3000 short stories, novels, and plays with science fiction elements, from earliest times to 1930. He includes imaginary voyages, utopias, Victorian boys' books, dime novels, pulp magazine stories, British scientific romances and mainstream work with science fiction elements. Many of these publications are extremely rare, surviving in only a handful of copies, and most of them have never been described before.

Download Sources in the History of Psychiatry, from 1800 to the Present PDF

Sources in the History of Psychiatry, from 1800 to the Present

Author: Chris Millard
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2022-03-29
Genre: History
ISBN: 1000557170
Rating: 4.7/5 (7 downloads)

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This book offers a general introduction to historical sources in the history of psychiatry, delving into the range of sources that can be used to investigate this dynamic and exciting field. The chapters in this volume deal with physical sources that might be encountered in the archive, such as asylum casebooks, artwork, material artefacts, post-mortem records, more general types of source including medical journals, literature, public enquiries, and key themes within the field such as feminist sources, activist and survivor sources. Offering practical advice and examples for the novice, as well as insightful suggestions for the experienced scholar, the authors provide worked-through examples of how various source types can be used and exploited and reflect productively on the limits and constraints of different kinds of source material. In so doing it presents readers with a comprehensive guide on how to ‘read’ such sources to research and write the history of psychiatry. Methodically rigorous, clear and accessible, this is a vital reference for students just starting out within the field through to more experienced scholars experimenting with new and unfamiliar sources in the history of medicine and history of psychiatry more specifically.