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Enlightenment and Violence

Author: Tadd Fernée
Publsiher: SAGE Publications India
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2014-06-10
Genre: History
ISBN: 9351500853
Rating: 4.0/5 (53 downloads)

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Enlightenment and Violence is a history of ideas that proposes a multi-centred and non-Eurocentric interpretation of the Enlightenment as a human heritage. This comparative study reconstructs how modernity was negotiated in different intellectual and political contexts as a national discourse within the broader heritage of Enlightenment. The author has compared 16th and 20th century Indian history to the early modern histories of Persia, Turkey and Western Europe in order to ground analysis of their 20th century nation-making experiences within a common problematic. The focus is upon an ethic of reconciliation over totalizing projects as a means to create non-violent conflict resolution in the modern context. It is suggested that an emergent ethic of reconciliation in nation-making—inspired by the Indian paradigm—harbours the potential to create more democratic and open societies, in rejection of the authoritarian patterns that too frequently shaped the experiences of the 20th century.

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Politics without Violence?

Author: Jenny Pearce
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2019-10-31
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 3030260828
Rating: 4.0/5 (28 downloads)

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This book explores the potential for imagining a politics without violence and evidence that this need not be a utopian project. The book demonstrates that in theory and in practice, we now have the intellectual and scientific knowledge to make this possible. In addition, new sensibilities towards violence have generated social action on violence, turning this knowledge into practical impact. Scientifically, the first step is to recognize that only through interdisciplinary conversations can we fully realize this knowledge. Conversations between natural sciences, social sciences and the humanities, impossible in the twentieth century, are today possible and essential for understanding the phenomenon of violence, its multiple expressions and the factors that reproduce it. We can distinguish aggression from violence, the biological from the social body. In an echo of the rational Enlightenment of the eighteenth century, this book calls for an emotional Enlightenment in the twenty first and a post Weberian understanding of politics and the State.

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Why Don't You Just Talk to Him?

Author: Kathleen R. Arnold
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2015-08-03
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 019026229X
Rating: 4.2/5 (9 downloads)

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Why Don't You Just Talk to Him? looks at the broad political contexts in which violence, specifically domestic violence, occurs. Kathleen Arnold argues that liberal and Enlightenment notions of the social contract, rationality and egalitarianism -- the ideas that constitute norms of good citizenship -- have an inextricable relationship to violence. According to this dynamic, targets of abuse are not rational, make bad choices, are unable to negotiate with their abusers, or otherwise violate norms of the social contract; they are, thus, second-class citizens. In fact, as Arnold shows, drawing from Nietzsche and Foucault's theories of power and arguing against much of the standard policy literature on domestic violence, the very mechanisms that purportedly help targets of domestic abuse actually work to compound the problem by exacerbating (or ignoring) the power differences between the abuser and the abused. The book argues that a key to understanding how to prevent domestic violence is seeing it as a political rather than a personal issue, with political consequences. It seeks to challenge Enlightenment ideas about intimacy that conceive of personal relationships as mutual, equal and contractual. Put another way, it challenges policy ideas that suggest that targets of abuse can simply choose to leave abusive relationships without other personal or economic consequences, or that there is a clear and consistent level of help once they make the choice to leave. Asking "Why Don't You Just Talk to Him?" is in reality a suggestion riven with contradictions and false choices. Arnold further explores these issues by looking at two key asylum cases that highlight contradictions within the government's treatment of foreigners and that of long-term residents. These cases expose problematic assumptions in the approach to domestic violence more generally. Exposing major injustices from the point of view of domestic violence targets, this book promises to generate further debate, if not consensus.

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The Laws of Hostility

Author: Pierre Saint-Amand
Total Pages: 180
Release: 1996
Genre: History
ISBN: 9780816625857
Rating: 4.6/5 (258 downloads)

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Women and Violent Crime in Enlightenment Scotland

Author: Anne-Marie Kilday
Publsiher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd
Total Pages: 195
Release: 2015
Genre: History
ISBN: 0861933303
Rating: 4.3/5 (3 downloads)

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A complete reappraisal of the scale and significance of female criminality in a period of major legislative changes.

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Enlightenment and Violence

Author: Tadd Graham Fernée
Total Pages:
Release: 2016
Genre: Enlightenment
ISBN: 9789351507857
Rating: 4.1/5 (78 downloads)

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'Enlightenment and Violence' is a history of ideas that proposes a multi-centred and non-Eurocentric interpretation of the Enlightenment as a human heritage. This comparative study reconstructs how modernity was negotiated in different intellectual and political contexts as a national discourse within the broader heritage of Enlightenment

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The Darker Angels of Our Nature

Author: Philip Dwyer
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 417
Release: 2021-09-09
Genre: History
ISBN: 1350140600
Rating: 4.0/5 ( downloads)

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Preface -- List of Contributors -- List of Illustrations -- 1. Steven Pinker and the Nature of Violence in History Philip Dwyer and Mark Micale -- Part One: Interpretations -- 2. The Inner Demons of The Better Angels of Our Nature Dan Smail -- 3. The Use and Abuse of Statistics in Writing the History of Violence Dag Lindström -- 4. Progress and Its Contradictions: Human Rights, Inequality, and Violence Eric D. Weitz -- 5. Pinker's Technocratic Neoliberalism, and Why It Matters David Bell -- 6. Steven Pinker, Norbert Elias and the 'Civilizing Process' Philip Dwyer and Elizabeth Roberts-Pedersen -- Part Two: Periods -- 7. Steven Pinker's 'Prehistoric Anarchy': A Bioarchaeological Critique Linda Fibiger -- 8. Getting Medieval on Steven Pinker: Violence and Medieval England Sara M. Butler -- 9. History, Violence and the Enlightenment Philip Dwyer -- Part Three: Places -- 10. The Complexity of History: Russia and Steven Pinker's Thesis Nancy Kollmann -- 11. Necrology of Angels: Violence in Japanese History as a Lens of Critique Michael Wert -- 12. The 'Moral Effect' of Legalized Lawlessness: British Imperial Violence and the Middle East Caroline Elkins -- Part Four: Themes -- 13. A History of Violence and Indigeneity: Pinker and the Native Americas Matthew Restall -- 14. The Rise and Rise of Sexual Violence Joanna Bourke -- 15. The Better Angels of Which Nature? Violence and Environmental History in the Modern World Corey Ross -- 16. On Cool Reason and Hot-Blooded Impulses? Violence and the History of Emotion Susan K. Morrissey -- Part Five: Coda 17. Pinker and Contemporary Historical Consciousness Mark Micale -- Bibliography -- Index.

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A Democratic Enlightenment

Author: Morton Schoolman
Publsiher: Duke University Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2020-04-03
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 1478009055
Rating: 4.9/5 (55 downloads)

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In A Democratic Enlightenment Morton Schoolman proposes aesthetic education through film as a way to redress the political violence inflicted on difference that society constructs as its racialized, gendered, Semitic, and sexualized other. Drawing on Voltaire, Diderot, and Schiller, Schoolman reconstructs the genealogical history of what he calls the reconciliation image—a visual model of a democratic ideal of reconciliation he then theorizes through Whitman's prose and poetry and Adorno's aesthetic theory. Analyzing The Help (2011) and Gentleman's Agreement (1947), Schoolman shows how film produces a more advanced image of reconciliation than those originally created by modernist artworks. Each film depicts violence toward racial and ethnic difference while also displaying a reconciliation image that aesthetically educates the public about how the violence of constructing difference as otherness can be overcome. Mounting a democratic enlightenment, the reconciliation image in film illuminates a possible politics for challenging the rise of nationalism's violence toward differences in all their diversity.

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Voltaire's Heroes

Author: John R. Iverson
Total Pages: 716
Release: 1998
Genre: Enlightenment
Rating: 4./5 ( downloads)

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Philosophy and the Return of Violence

Author: Christopher Yates
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2011-02-24
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 144112604X
Rating: 4.6/5 (4 downloads)

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A range of leading philosophers set the best resources of the philosophical tradition to the task of interpreting violence in its diverse expressions. High profile contributors include Critchley, Ricoeur, Bernasconi, and Waldenfels.

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The New Logic of Sexual Violence in Enlightenment France

Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2023-03-03
ISBN: 9781032255538
Rating: 4.2/5 (555 downloads)

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This book argues that rape as we know it was invented in the eighteenth century, examining texts as diverse as medical treatises, socio-political essays, and popular novels to demonstrate how cultural assumptions of gendered sexual desire erased rape by making a women's non-consent a logical impossibility. The Enlightenment promotion of human sexuality as natural and desirable required a secularized narrative for how sexual violence against women functioned. Novel bio-medical and historical theories about the natural sex act worked to erase the concept of heterosexual rape. McAlpin intervenes in a far-ranging assortment of scholarly disciplines to survey and demonstrate how rape was rationalized: the history of medicine, the history of sexuality, the development of the modern self, the social contractarian tradition, the global eighteenth century, and the libertine tradition in the eighteenth-century novel. This intervention will be essential reading to students and scholars in gender studies, literature, cultural studies, visual studies, and the history of sexuality.

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The Better Angels of Our Nature

Author: Steven Pinker
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 832
Release: 2011-10-04
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 1101544643
Rating: 4.4/5 (43 downloads)

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“If I could give each of you a graduation present, it would be this—the most inspiring book I've ever read." —Bill Gates (May, 2017) Selected by The New York Times Book Review as a Notable Book of the Year The author of Rationality and Enlightenment Now offers a provocative and surprising history of violence. Faced with the ceaseless stream of news about war, crime, and terrorism, one could easily think we live in the most violent age ever seen. Yet as New York Times bestselling author Steven Pinker shows in this startling and engaging new work, just the opposite is true: violence has been diminishing for millenia and we may be living in the most peaceful time in our species's existence. For most of history, war, slavery, infanticide, child abuse, assassinations, programs, gruesom punishments, deadly quarrels, and genocide were ordinary features of life. But today, Pinker shows (with the help of more than a hundred graphs and maps) all these forms of violence have dwindled and are widely condemned. How has this happened? This groundbreaking book continues Pinker's exploration of the esesnce of human nature, mixing psychology and history to provide a remarkable picture of an increasingly nonviolent world. The key, he explains, is to understand our intrinsic motives--the inner demons that incline us toward violence and the better angels that steer us away--and how changing circumstances have allowed our better angels to prevail. Exploding fatalist myths about humankind's inherent violence and the curse of modernity, this ambitious and provocative book is sure to be hotly debated in living rooms and the Pentagon alike, and will challenge and change the way we think about our society.

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Enlightenment Now

Author: Steven Pinker
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2018-02-13
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 0698177886
Rating: 4.7/5 (86 downloads)

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INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER A NEW YORK TIMES NOTABLE BOOK OF 2018 ONE OF THE ECONOMIST'S BOOKS OF THE YEAR "My new favorite book of all time." --Bill Gates If you think the world is coming to an end, think again: people are living longer, healthier, freer, and happier lives, and while our problems are formidable, the solutions lie in the Enlightenment ideal of using reason and science. By the author of the new book, Rationality. Is the world really falling apart? Is the ideal of progress obsolete? In this elegant assessment of the human condition in the third millennium, cognitive scientist and public intellectual Steven Pinker urges us to step back from the gory headlines and prophecies of doom, which play to our psychological biases. Instead, follow the data: In seventy-five jaw-dropping graphs, Pinker shows that life, health, prosperity, safety, peace, knowledge, and happiness are on the rise, not just in the West, but worldwide. This progress is not the result of some cosmic force. It is a gift of the Enlightenment: the conviction that reason and science can enhance human flourishing. Far from being a naïve hope, the Enlightenment, we now know, has worked. But more than ever, it needs a vigorous defense. The Enlightenment project swims against currents of human nature--tribalism, authoritarianism, demonization, magical thinking--which demagogues are all too willing to exploit. Many commentators, committed to political, religious, or romantic ideologies, fight a rearguard action against it. The result is a corrosive fatalism and a willingness to wreck the precious institutions of liberal democracy and global cooperation. With intellectual depth and literary flair, Enlightenment Now makes the case for reason, science, and humanism: the ideals we need to confront our problems and continue our progress.

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Memory and Enlightenment

Author: James Ward
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 251
Release: 2018-11-11
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 331996710X
Rating: 4.7/5 ( downloads)

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This book illuminates how the ‘long eighteenth century’ (1660-1800) persists in our present through screen and performance media, writing and visual art. Tracing the afterlives of the period from the 1980s to the present, it argues that these emerging and changing forms stage the period as a point of origin for the grounding of individual identity in personal memory, and as a site of foundational traumas that shape cultural memory.

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Gender and Enlightenment Culture in Eighteenth-Century Scotland

Author: Rosalind Carr
Publsiher: Edinburgh University Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2014-01-28
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 0748646434
Rating: 4.6/5 (34 downloads)

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Presents major new research on gender in the Scottish EnlightenmentWhat role did gender play in the Scottish Enlightenment? Combining intellectual and cultural history, this book explores how men and women experienced the Scottish Enlightenment. It examines Scotland in a European context, investigating ideologies of gender and cultural practices among the urban elites of Scotland in the 18th century.The book provides an in-depth analysis of men's construction and performance of masculinity in intellectual clubs, taverns and through the violent ritual of the duel. Women are important actors in this story, and the book presents an analysis of women's contribution to Scottish Enlightenment culture, and it asks why there were no Scottish bluestockings.

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Enlightenment Aberrations

Author: David W. Bates
Publsiher: Cornell University Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2018-09-05
Genre: History
ISBN: 1501726811
Rating: 4.6/5 (11 downloads)

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In Enlightenment Aberrations, David W. Bates shows that error was a complex, important, and by no means entirely negative concept in Enlightenment thought, one that had a decisive influence in revolutionary debates on political identity and national history. What can it mean to write a history of error? In Bates's view all philosophy, insofar as its project is the search for truth, begins in error. If truth is posited as a goal to be attained, not as a given of some kind, then error assumes a central role in the quest for truth. Going beyond both liberal celebrations and postmodern critiques of Enlightenment reason, Bates reveals just how crucial the problematic relation between human "wandering" and the mystery of truth was in eighteenth-century thought. The author draws on a wide range of Enlightenment thinkers, including Etienne Bonnot de Condillac, Jean d'Alembert, Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Charles Bonnet, showing how they wrestled with the "risk and promise" of error. He then demonstrates how the concept of error and its dialectical relationship to truth played out in the political culture of the French Revolution, particularly in the Terror. In the final chapters, Bates looks at the post-revolutionary transformations of the Enlightenment discourse of error and its subsequent history in modern European thought.